Health Tips On Maintaining Good Eye Vision On

Creative writeup on the management of eye health...Health tips on maintenance of a healthy eye vision

The eye is one of the most important organs in the human body, being the organ or faculty of sight or vision in the body. The human eye isn't just important in its functions and responsibilities but is also very fragile and delicate and requires serious measures to be taken to ensure its continual effectiveness. The eye plays a powerful role in the body and also has its share of problems and defects that can hinder its operations or ultimately stop its functioning, among which is an ailment known as the eye cataract. 

An eye cataract is an eye problem that arises when the proteins in your eye lens begin to break down and causes your sight to become blurry, hazy, or less colorful and the eye's visual quality degrades and progresses to opacity that causes blindness if not treated. Cataracts is a word derived from the greek word cataractous, referring to the turbulent state of rapidly running water. This occurs when the proteins in the eye form clumps that prevent the lens from transmitting clear signals to the retina. 

A cataract develops slowly and begins to interfere with your vision. The eye has a natural lens that bends (refracts) light rays that come into the eye to enable vision and is situated behind the iris(the colored part of the eye in the area of the pupil), invisible to the naked eye unless it becomes extremely cloudy. The retina transforms light into neurologic signals that the brain interprets as vision.

Risk factors of cataract

There are several risk factors involved in the problem of eye cataract, which includes:

  • Old age
  • Alcoholism
  • Smoking
  • Previous eye injuries
  • Genetics
  • Excessive exposure to sunlight
  • Exposure to x-ray radiations and cancer treatment
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes

Causes of cataract

Numerous causes can be associated with the formation of cataracts in the human eye, causes like: 

  • Radiation therapy
  • Trauma
  • Ultraviolet radiation
  • Smoking
  • Prolonged usage of steroids
  • Overproduction of oxidants in the body

Symptoms of cataract

  • Visions that are blurred, foggy or filmy
  • Poor night vision(difficulty seeing at night)
  • Double vision in one eye
  • Sensitivity to bright sunlight, lamps, or headlights
  • Problems with glare during the day
  • Seeing "halos" around lights
  • Fading or yellowing of colors
  • Troubles with glasses or contact lenses not working well

Cataracts might not be noticeable initially, but as it expands and covers more lens area, the cloudiness expands, and it becomes more noticeable.

Prevention tips against cataract

Though it might be difficult sometimes to fully understand the reason for the formation of cataracts, there are some safety measures to follow to risks of being a victim; these include:

  • Uses sunglasses outside to protect your eyes from UVB rays
  • Regular eye checkups
  • Quit smoking
  • Maintenance of healthy weight
  • Always consume fruits and vegetables containing antioxidants

Treatment of cataract 

The use of strong eyeglasses or magnifying lenses or, at best, surgery will be highly needed.

Happy new month, and stay healthy and safe.

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