Hepatitis Day: Base Knowledge

An article to create awareness on Hepatitis in commemoration of World Hepatitis Day...

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. Alcohol consumption, several health conditions, and some medications can all cause this condition. However, viral infections are the most common cause of hepatitis. Hepatitis can be a result of either drugs, medications, toxins, and alcohol or as a result of the body producing antibodies against the liver tissue. According to the WHO, there are an estimated 350million people living with chronic hepatitis B and C globally.

Classes Of Hepatitis.

1. Hepatitis A

This is an acute short-term variant caused by infection with the hepatitis A virus (HAV). It is commonly transmitted by the hepatitis A virus that may be present in water or food.

2. Hepatitis B

This is often an ongoing chronic condition. It is estimated that about 826,000 people live with this condition in the U.S and 257,000 worldwide, by the center for disease control(CDC). It is caused by the hepatitis B virus present in the blood, vaginal secretions, or semen.

3. Hepatitis C

This is among the most common bloodborne viral infection in the U.S, with about a 2.5million people living with the disease. The hepatitis C virus causes it in the blood, vaginal secretions, or semen.

4. Hepatitis D

This is rare but occurs in conjunction with hepatitis B. It causes liver inflammation like other strains but cannot occur without the B strain in the body already. This is contracted from the hepatitis D virus in the blood.

5. Hepatitis E

This is a water-borne strain prevalent in poor sanitation and hygiene areas. It is caused by ingesting fecalstter that contaminates the water. This is acute but especially dangerous in pregnant women.

Symptoms Include but are not restricted to:

1. Fatigue

2. Flu-like symptoms

3. Dark urine

4. Pale stool

5. Loss of appetite

6. Abdominal pains

Diagnosis is by Liver function tests, Liver biopsy, and ultrasound.


1. Hepatitis A- A dietary program to maintain hydration and nutrition. Bed rest may be necessary.

2. Hepatitis B- Antiviral medications, but there are no specific treatments for acute HBV.

3. Hepatitis C- Antiviral medications or a combination of antiviral drug therapy.

4. Hepatitis D- Pegylated Interferon Alpha

5. Hepatitis E - This is mostly resolved on its own.

Autoimmune hepatitis - Corticosteroids and Azathioprine.

Preventive Measures:

1. Vaccination.

2. Reduced exposure.


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