The Great War (world War 2)

This is a summary of what led to world war 2...Wars and conflicts were common In the 20th century, which continually shifted the balance of power around the world.

This vital period of time saw the emergence of" total wars" like World War I and World War II, in which soldiers used any means necessary to win — these wars were so massive that they encompassed nearly the entire world. Motives for these wars ranged from expansion difficulties to government disruptions, indeed the purposeful killing of an entire people. But all of them shared one thing, an uncountable number of deaths, mostly civilians.

The biggest and bloodiest war of the 20th century was World War II. The conflict, which lasted from 1939 to 1945, involved many countries of the world. When it was ultimately over, between 62 and 78 million were estimated to have died. One among that big group, which represents about 3 percent of the full world population at the time, the massive majority of over 50 million were civilians. World War II, which lasted from 1939 to 1945, was a war fought primarily between the Axis Powers, which is made up of Nazi Germany, Italy, and Japan, and The Allies, which is made up of France, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, and the United States. 

Although the war was started by The Germans in their attempt to conquer Europe, it became the most important and bloodiest war in world history, responsible for the deaths of about 40 to 70 million people, many of them civilians. The war included the tried genocide of the Jewish people during the Holocaust and, therefore, the first use of an atomic bomb during a war. After the desolation and destruction caused by war I, the earth was tired of war and was willing to do nearly anything to help prevent another war from starting. Thus, when Third Reich invaded Austria in March 1938, the earth did not reply. When Nazi leader Hitler demanded the Sudeten area of Czechoslovakia in September 1938, the earth powers handed it to him. 

Confident that this communion had averted an entire war from being, British Prime Minister Chamberlain stated," I believe it's peace in our time." Hitler, on the other hand, had different plans. Completely disregarding the Versailles Treaty, Hitler was preparing for war, for an attack on Poland; the Germans made a deal with the Soviet Union on August 23, 1939, called the Nazi-Soviet Non- Aggression Pact. The Soviet Union agreed not to attack Germany in exchange for land; on September 1, 1939, Germany attacked Poland. Hitler transferred 300 planes of the German air force, also as fairly, hundreds of tanks, and 1.5 million well-trained ground troops. 

The Polish service, on the other hand, was comported mainly of the nethermost legionnaires with old ammunition and cavalry. The chances were not in Poland's favor. Great Britain and France, who had a pact with Poland, both declared war on Germany two days later, on September 3, 1939. still, these countries couldn't gather troops and arms enough to help save Poland. After Germany had waged a successful attack on Poland from the west, the Soviets raided Poland from the east on Citizenship Day because of the fact that they had with Germany. 

On September 27, 1939, Poland surrendered. For the coming six months, there was so little factual fighting called "the Phoney War." On April 9, 1940, the quiet interlude of the war ended as Germany raided Denmark and Norway. Having met little or no resistance, the Germans were soon suitable to launch Case Yellow, a descent against France and thus the Low Countries. On May 10, 1940, The Germans invaded Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The Germans were heading through Belgium in order to enter France, bypassing France's defenses along the Maginot Line. The troops were completely unprepared to defend France from a northern attack. The French and British armies, along with the rest of Europe, were snappily overpowered by Germany's new, nippy blitzkrieg("lightning war ”) tactics. 

Blitzkrieg was a type of coordinated war, which is a largely-mobile attack that combined aviation and well-armored ground troops along a narrow front so as to snappily transgress an adversary's line. The Germans attacked with deadly force and perfection, acting impregnable. In a shot to escape a total massacre, hundreds of British and other Allied troops were evacuated, starting on May 27, 1940, from the coast of France to Great Britain as an element of Operation Dynamo( constantly called the miracle of Dunkirk). On June 22, 1940, 

France officially surrendered. It had taken about three months for the Germans to overcome Western Europe. With France defeated, Hitler turned his sights to Great Britain, aiming to conquer it as well in Operation Sea Lion. Before a ground assault was to start out, Hitler ordered the bombing of Great Britain, beginning the Battle of England on July 10, 1940. The British, encouraged by Winston Churchill's morale-boosting speeches and backed by radar information, successfully combated the German air attacks. Hoping to destroy British morale, Germany began bombing not just military targets but also civilians, including populated cosmopolises. These attacks, which began in August 1940, constantly occurred at night and were known as "the Blitz." The Blitz strengthened British decisiveness. 

By the end of 1940, Hitler canceled Operation eared seal but continued the Blitz well into 1941. The British had stopped the German advance. But, without help, the British could not hold them off for long. Thus, the British asked U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt for help. Although the U.S. was unintentional to fully enter World War II, Roosevelt agreed to help Great Britain with Ammunitions, security, artillery, and other important- supplies. On September 27, 1940, Germany, Italy, and Japan signed the triplex Pact, joining these three countries into the Axis Powers because the Germans also needed help. While the British set and awaited an incursion, Germany began to move east. Despite subscribing to the Nazi-Soviet Pact with Soviet leader Stalin, Hitler had always planned an incursion into the Soviet Union as part of his plan to gain Lebensraum for the German people. 

Hitler's decision to open another front in world war II is constantly considered one of his worst mistakes. On June 22, 1941, the German army raided the Soviet Union in what was called Case Barbarossa. The Soviets were taken completely unaware; the German army's blitzkrieg tactics worked well within the Soviet Union, allowing the Germans to advance speedily. After his original shock, Stalin rallied his people and ordered a "scorched earth" policy during which Soviet citizens burned their fields and killed their livestock as they fled from the overrunning Germans. The action of the Soviets slowed the Germans, for it forced them to calculate solely on their force lines. The Germans had underrated the vastness of the land and, therefore, the wholeness of the Soviet time-out. Cold and wet, the German legionnaires could slightly move, and their tanks came rammed in slush and snow. The whole incursion stalled. Hitler did not just shoot his army into the Soviet Union; he transferred mobile killing outfits called Einsatzgruppen. These outfits were to look out and kill Jews and other "undesirables" in large numbers.

This genocide started off as large groups of Jews being shot and also dumped into pits, like at Babi Yar. It soon evolved into mobile gas vans. Still, these were seen to be too slow at killing; therefore, the Nazis erected death camps created to kill thousands of individuals a day, like at Auschwitz, Treblinka, and Sobibor. During war II, the Nazis created an elaborate, uncommunicative, regular plan to annihilate Jews from Europe in what is now called the Holocaust. The Nazis also targeted gypsies, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and every one Slavic people in a massacre. 

By the peak of the war, the Nazis had killed 11 million people solely to support Nazi racial programs. Germany was not the only country wanting to expand. Japan, lately industrialized, was poised for domination, hoping to bear over vast areas in Southeast Asia. Worried that the U.S. might try to stop them, Japan decided to launch an attack against the United States Pacific Fleet in the expedient of keeping the U.S. out of the war within the Pacific. Japanese Airforce bombed the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941; in only two hours, 21 U.S. vessels had also been sunk or inadequately damaged. Shocked and outraged at the unprovoked attack, the U.S. declared war on Japan the following day. Three days after, the U.S. declared war on Germany. 

The Japanese, realizing that the U.S. would retaliate for the bombing of Pearl Harbor, quickly attacked the U.S. naval base in the Philippines on December 8, 1941, destroying many U.S. bombers posted there. Following their air raid with a ground incursion, the battle ended with the U.S. surrendering and, therefore, the deadly Bataan Death March. Without the airstrip within the Philippines, the U.S. needed to seek out a different way to retaliate; they decided on a bombing raid right into the heart of Japan. On April 18, 1942, Warplanes took off from a U.S. warship, dropping atomic bombs on Tokyo, Yokohama, and Nagoya. 

Although the damage palmed was light, the Doolittle Raid, as it was called, caught the Japanese off guard. Still, despite the Doolittle Raid's limited success, the Japanese were dominating the Pacific War. A bit like the Germans sounded impossible to stop in Europe, the Japanese won in the early part of the Pacific War, successfully taking the Philippines, Wake Island, Guam, the Dutch Malay Archipelago, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Burma. Things changed at the Battle of Coral Sea on May 7- 8, 1942, when there was a stalemate. Also, there was the Battle of Midway on June 4- 7, 1942, a serious turning point in the Pacific War.

 According to Japanese plans, the Battle of Midway was to be a secret attack on the U.S. air station on Midway, ending during a decisive win for Japan. What Japanese General Yamamoto did not know was that the U.S. had successfully broken several Japanese codes. Allowing them to decrypt secret, encrypted Japanese information Learning ahead of time about the Japanese attack on Midway, the U.S. prepared an ambush. The Japanese lost the battle, losing four of their aircraft carriers and many of their well-trained fliers. No longer did Japan have military superiority in the Pacific. A number of major battles followed, at Guadalcanal, Saipan, Guam, Leyte Gulf, and also the Philippines. The U.S. won all of these battles and continued to push the Japanese back to their territory.

Iwo Jima, from February 19 to March 26, 1945, was a particularly bloody battle as the Japanese had created underground fortifications that were well disguised. The last Japanese-engaged island was Okinawa, and Japanese Lieutenant General Mitsuru Ushijima was determined to kill as many Americans as possible before being defeated. On April 1, 1945, the U.S forces landed on Okinawa, but for five days, the Japanese did not attack. Once the U.S. forces spread out across the island, the Japanese attacked from their retired, underground fortifications in the southern half of Okinawa. The U.S. line was also bombarded by over 500 kamikaze pilots, who caused major damage as they flew their planes directly into U.S. vessels. 

After three months of bloody fighting, the U.S. captured Okinawa. In Eastern Europe, it was the Battle of Stalingrad from July 17, 1942, to February 2, 1943) that changed the drift of war. After the defeat of the Germans at Stalingrad, the Germans were now on the defensive, being pushed back toward Germany by the Soviet army. With the Germans forces being pushed back from the east, it was time for the Allied forces to attack from the west. In a plan that took time to organize, the Allied forces launched a surprise amphibious levee on the beaches of Normandy in northern France on June 6, 1944. 

The first day of the battle, known as D- Day, was extremely important. However, the Germans would have time to bring in mounts, making the incursion at maximum failure, If the allied troops could not break through the German defenses on the beaches this first day. Despite many goods going amiss and an especially bloody fight on the beach codenamed Omaha, the Allied forces did break through that first day. With the beaches secured, the Allied forces also brought in two Mulberries, artificial harbors, which allowed them to discharge both supplies and fresh legionnaires for a major descent on Germany from the west. As the Germans were on retreat, a number of top German officers wanted to kill Hitler and end the war. Ultimately, the Plot failed when the bomb that exploded on July 20, 1944, only injured Hitler. 

Those involved in the assassination attempt were all killed. Although many in Germany were ready for the War, Hitler was not ready to admit defeat. In one last descent, the Germans tried to break the Allied line. Using blitzkrieg tactics, the Germans were able to push through the Ardennes Forest in Belgium on December 16, 1944. The Allied forces were fully taken by surprise and desperately tried to keep the Germans from breaking through. The Allied forces began to have a bulge, hence the name Battle of the Bulge. Despite this being the bloodiest battle ever fought by American soldiers, the Allies forces ultimately won. 

The Allies' forces wanted to end the war as soon as possible, so they strategically bombed any remaining factories or oil depots left within Germany. Still, in February 1944, the Allied began a massive and deadly bombing attack on the German municipality of Dresden, nearly demolishing the formerly- beautiful municipality. The greedy casualty rate was extremely high, and many questioned the sense of firebombing since the municipality was not a strategic target. By the spring of 1945, the Germans had been pushed back into their own territory on both sides. The Germans, who had been fighting for six years, were low on energy, had slightly any food left, and were severely low on security. 

They were also truly low on trained legionnaires. Those that were left to defend Germany were the immature, old, and wounded. On April 25, 1945, the Soviet army had Berlin, Germany's capital, completely girdled. Ultimately realizing that the end was near, Hitler committed suicide on April 30, 1945. The fighting in Europe officially ended on May 8, 1945, a day known as V- E Day( win in Europe). Despite the win in Europe, World War II was still not over, for the Japanese were still fighting. The death threat in the Pacific was high, especially since Japanese culture forbids surrender. 

Knowing that the Japanese planned to fight to the death, the United States was extremely concerned about how U.S. soldiers would die if they raided Japan. President Harry Truman, who had become president when Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945, less than a month before the end of WWII in Europe, had a serious decision to make. Should the U.S. use its new, deadly weapon against Japan in the expedients that it would force Japan to surrender without a factual incursion? Truman decided to save U.S. lives. On August 6, 1945, the U.S. dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese municipality of Hiroshima and also, three days subsequently, dropped another atomic bomb on Nagasaki. The desolation was shocking. Japan surrendered on August 16, 1945, 

World War II changed a lot of things in the world. It is estimated that about 40 to 70 million lives were lost and destroyed much of Europe. It brought about the division of Germany into East and West and created two major superpowers, the U.S and the USSR. Hoping to help prevent a total war from ever passing again, representatives from 50 countries met together in San Francisco and founded the United Nations, officially created on October 24, 1945.

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